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Pet owners warn of danger with flea and tick medication

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KEESHOND COMMUNITY キースホンドリスト配信ニュース

検索してみると相当前から問題になっているようですが・・Sentry Pro XFC(Sergeant’S社製品)を使用した犬の皮膚が火傷のようになったという報告。2008年においてEPA(米環境保護庁)に報告されたノミ・ダニ予防の製品による副作用に対する苦情の数は24,000件以上にのぼり、その中で副作用が大きかった報告は250件、350件が死亡したという。

中には犬用を猫に使用した?飼い主もいるらしいが・・もちろんきちんと猫用(シャンプーPyrethrins__0.15%と表記)のを使用し、使用方法もラベルに記載してあるように使用したのにも関わらず、体が震え呼吸困難に陥り、2匹のうち1匹が亡くなったケースもある。

当のサージェンツ(Sergeant’S)社は用法を守れば安全でかつ効果的なノミ・ダニ予防製品であり、国が指定する安全基準も満たしており、またEPA承認も取っているという理由から製品の回収は行わないと主張しているが、EPAからの今後の指導があればそれに従うとも話しているようだ。(何年前からEPAは調査しているんでしょ・・)

ただ、今回も被害にあった女性は製品事態を市場から撤去して欲しいと話している。確かにこのSentry Pro XFCで被害を受け発狂している飼い主は多いようだ。日本ではおそらく使われていない?のかな・・
Sentry Pro XFC


Hartz社製品に関しては作用が穏やかなのか大きな副作用の報告例は会社があげる数字から考えると少なく感じるのだが、製品を使用した翌日激しい発作を起こし亡くなった犬もいるし、個人ブログを見るとかなり苦情は多いようである・・

Bayer(バイヤー)社は同時期(2007年から2008年)において、副作用の報告例などが多かったことはないと応えており、今後もEPAと協力して適切な使用方法などを飼い主に指導していけるようにしたいと話しているそうだ。

セントラルライフサイエンス(旧ウェルマークインターナショナル)も2008年には売った製品の中で計算からいけば10,000錠に対して1.6件の報告がある程度でどれも軽度の副作用であり、今度もEPAの指導に従うということと、使用上の注意書きをきちんと読むように指導をしていきたいと話している。

メリアル社が持つデーターからは1996年に製品が市場にでて以来、フロントラインの使用で副作用の報告例が上昇しているというデーターはなく、一貫して報告例は少ないと話している。

確かに合う合わないもあるので一概には言えないが我が家のリオやジェイドには合わなかった。

ただ住んでいる場所によって、あるいは野山に行くなどの機会が多いワンちゃんはダニからもらう病気のが怖いので、飼い主さんがきちんと用法を守り予防してあげるのが良いであろうと思う。

ラベルにPyrethrins(ピレトリン)またはPyrethroids(ピレスロイド)という成分が記載されているが、これはゴキブリやねずみを殺す薬に使われているそうだ。フロントラインはフィプロニルを使用しているが・・・。
詳細は下記のメリルクラブ よくある質問を参照して下さい。

http://www.merialclub.jp/frontline/product/faq.html#q01

口にしたものだけでなく、皮膚から浸透したものも体内に蓄積され、肝臓で解毒されるわけでから内臓に負担がかかるのは当然・・なので、使用は臨機応変に・・というのがベター・・

ノミ・ダニ予防は他の予防薬同様、ワクチン・狂犬病予防注射などと一緒に予防!などはしない方が良い。
また体重に見合ったフロントラインを使うことも忘れずに


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【We get sick so we don’t use Frontline! Coughing, sneezing! We had enough】



CLEVELAND -
Some popular pet medication may be causing side effects such as seizures, tremors -- even death.

The medication is meant to protect, but we found many pet owners complaining about dangerous reactions they say were caused by some flea and tick products.
Amy Vasquez said her dog, Mack, had a bad reaction to a medication.

"He would reach around and bite at himself," Vasquez said. "He was scratching himself, and wouldn't stop it."
Normally, those are signs of either flea or tick bites. But, Vasquez said it was caused by a medication that is supposed to protect dogs from pests.

Vasquez bought Sentry Pro XFC, a spot-on flea and tick product that's supposed to be applied directly to the pet's skin.

Sentry Pro XFC


"[It] had a nice package on it, and I thought it's the most expensive one. So, it's probably pretty good." She said followed the directions.

"You kind of spread the fur and you just put it on about halfway down the back," Vasquez said. Hours later, Vasquez said Mack was acting strange.

"He was jumping around like something was poking at him. He just wouldn't sit still. I was like 'What is wrong with this dog?'" Vasquez said.

Then, she said she looked at the spot where she'd applied the Sentry Pro XFC.

"It looked like the worst sunburn you'd ever seen. It was obvious it was exactly where I’d applied it." Vasquez said. "I gave him a bath, and washed it off. [That] worked until it got dry. Then, it came back. [Mack was] scratching, scratching and scratching. This went on and on until we gave him another bath."

Vasquez said Mack still wasn't better even after they gave him multiple baths. Vasquez said she went online, looking for answers. She found hundreds of posts complaining about the same problems.

"And, the other dogs had it worse," she said.

Among the posts were complaints of vomiting, seizures, burning and open wounds. But, those are just some of the side effects dog owners said some spot-on flea and tick medication has caused.

We received videos and emails from dog owners across the country describing the "horror of watching our loved one suffer." One e-mail described the pet's reaction as like "watching them die."

Many spot-on products use pesticides as the main active ingredient, because it kills pests like fleas and ticks. The products that contain pesticides are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Now, the EPA is taking a close look at what it calls a large and growing number of cases involving spot-on products and reports of side effects such as tremors, seizures -- even death.

According to the EPA's records, more than 24,000 incidents were reported in 2008 relating to all spot-on flea and tick products. Of those 24,000 incidents, more than 250 major cases and nearly 350 deaths were reported in just one year. [ click here to see a break down of the complaints submitted to the EPA ]

The most complaints were made against Sergeant's.

Sergeant's makes the product, Sentry Pro XFC. It’s the same medication that Vasquez said caused her dog's side effects.

Sergeant's received more than 10,000 complaints out of all the reports collected by the EPA from 2008. According to the EPA's records, that's more than three times the amount of complaints reported against any other company that makes flea and tick products.

Dr. Diane Paster is the Associate Director for Emergency Animal Clinics of Arizona. She said it's common to see pesticides used in flea and tick medications.

"Anything that you're going to use that's going to kill these little guys has to be called a pesticide," Dr. Paster said.

But, Paster said the real problem may be the kind of pesticides being used. She said she tells her patients to only use flea and tick medications based on their vet’s recommendations.

"I think the ones that you can get from your vet a little bit safer," She said. "I think they're more effective."

According to the EPA's records, products sold by vets received fewer complaints.

"I would really like to see the [products] with the most side effects pulled," Dr. Paster said.

In a statement, Sergeant's said:

"All of Sergeant's flea and tick products are safe and effective when used properly. All meet government safety standards and have been approved by the EPA. Sergeant's is not taking the products off store shelves because more than 99% of the millions of doses sold have provided pets and their owners with extremely effective protection from fleas and ticks and with no adverse reactions.

There is no consistency in the way that manufacturers report reactions to the EPA, therefore comparing one manufacturer's numbers to another’s is like comparing apples to oranges. However, the vast majority of reports for Sergeant's products were for minor skin irritations that were temporary. There will be cases in which some pets do have reactions to these products, just as humans may be allergic to milk or peanuts, for example.

Sergeant's welcomes the EPA's recommendations for the industry to improve the labeling and instructions

for flea and tick spot-on products. This has been a concern at Sergeant's for some time and prompted us a few years ago to launch our "Look at the Label" program to educate consumers about the safe and effective way to use flea and tick spot-on products."

That is not the reaction Amy Vasquez wanted.
"I'd like it to be banned forever, taken off the shelves and not sold anymore," she said.

In a statement, the EPA said:
"EPA is concerned about the increase in incidents associated with spot-on flea and tick products. In response, EPA undertook an extensive analysis of data associated with these incidents and followed with an announcement of ways to reduce the number of incidents in the future through a variety of changes to product labels, the registration process, and consumer outreach. EPA is also developing more stringent testing and evaluation requirements for both existing and new products.

Flea and tick products can be appropriate treatments for protecting pets and public health because fleas and ticks can transmit disease to animals and humans. Pesticides are poisons and safe use is important. Consumers must read and follow label directions, taking care to use the product that is appropriate for their pet. We believe that the changes EPA is seeking will reduce incidents related to these products. EPA is committed to addressing these incidents by implementing the necessary regulatory changes to ensure that these products can be used safely."

To read full text, please click the below URL

http://www.newsnet5.com/dpp/news/local_news/pet-owners-warn-of-danger-with-flea-and-tick-medication

Click below to see a break down of the complaints submitted to the EPA
http://media2.newsnet5.com/uploads/wews_epa-incidents-2.pdf

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